Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of questions
It is crucial to distinguish interviews as a technique of collecting information and interviewing as a genre. In the 1st situation, meeting, that is, interaction with individuals, is one of three ways to have information with a researcher. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, as soon as the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness regarding the occasion,
- dealing with papers, in which the document means any product provider texts that are containing images.
Forms of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as a way of data gathering in change are divided in to:
- genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to recognize the characteristics of an individual, then to mirror them into the text).
The reportage meeting had been talked about when you look at the past chapter. Concerning the investigative will learn into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is interview as being a genre, as a means of text formatting in the shape of questions from the interviewer while the responses for the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the number of concerns for the researcher is minimized (often they are not any after all), in the other pole – a conversation, once the journalist not just asks questions, but also talks much with lengthy arguments.
The fact the meeting is a discussion, indicates about the same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be conducted by a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist was also interesting to visitors, because the opinion associated with interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks just as much or higher in a job interview as an interlocutor, this will be a indication of inadequate qualification.
Types of interviews according to the subject. Topic interview
Depending on the topic, you can find three kinds of interviews:
Topic of the interview that is subject their state of things in just about any industry of task. Usually this will be an interview with a professional, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting into the journalist just as much as he’s related to this state of affairs. For instance, a police officer tells simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. The doctor explains simple tips to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The economic consultant makes affordablepapers.biz a forecast just how long the crisis will likely be from the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the private lifetime of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The structure associated with the subject interview comprises of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there is a parsing of this topic for the purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The interview that is subject because of the streamlining of what was said, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.
The hero for the subject interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This really is a given information meeting, one of several news genres. The duty for the journalist is always to learn as much as possible the important points and information on just what took place. Such as the way it is of a professional, the interlocutor’s interaction aided by the subject is first shown, then your topic is deepened, while the ending is specialized in general impressions of what took place therefore the conclusions that the interlocutor made.